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Different Types Of Clothing Materials And Their Uses

There are a myriad variety of fabrics available in the market. Whether you are a home-maker, a small business owner, or someone getting started with stitching or embroidery; knowing the different types of clothing materials and their uses makes a ton of difference. Knowing different types of fabrics reduces the time and effort spent on finding the perfect match for your needs. We have done the hard work and listed different types of clothing materials and their uses so you could spend your valuable time working rather than researching.

Different types of clothing materials and their uses

Nowadays clothes are made from a wide range of materials. They fall into 3 broad categories – Natural, Synthetic and Semi-Synthetic.



Cotton is one of the oldest used fabrics. It is soft, skin-friendly and light. It also breathes well and dries quickly. Thus, it is ideal for summers.
Uses: All types of garments including dresses, saris, t-shirts, pants, jumpsuits, hosiery, bedding, curtains, etc.


Wool is a traditional fabric used in colder regions. It is soft, light, durable and keeps the body warm. It is also wrinkle-free and tear-resistant.
Uses: Garments, Sweaters and other winter wear.


Silk is famous for its rich-look and smooth-texture. It is a highly durable and strong material. It adds a luxurious feel to any garment.
Uses: Garments, Formal attire, Bedding, Accessories.


It is the oldest form of clothing used by humans. And the most controversial one. As it is made from animal hides and skin, it draws a lot of flak from animal lovers. Yet, it is famous for its durability, classy-look, and warming nature.
Uses: Jackets, Boots, Belts, Accessories.


It is made from the jute plant. By nature, it is rough and not suited for apparels; but it has many industrial uses.
Uses: Bags, Decorative items, ropes, etc.



It is a synthetic fabric made from petroleum. It is highly durable, soft and wrinkle-free. It is not very breathable and does not absorb liquids.
Uses: Garments, Hoodies, jackets, Hats, etc.


It is made of polymers and known for its stretch-ability and durability. It is tear-resistant, water and heat-resistant.
Uses: Sportswear, stockings, and other tight-fitting garments.


It is lightweight, highly elastic, durable and does not absorb liquids.
Uses: skin-tight garments.

Synthetic fur and leather

The growing concern regarding the use of real animal skins led to the invention of synthetic leather and fur. They have properties similar to their natural counterparts, and are cruelty-free and cheaper.
Uses: Can be used anywhere in place of natural leather and fur.

Polyester fleece

A synthetic fabric made to mimic sheep’s fur. It is soft, warm and breathable.
Uses: Sweaters, Hoodies, Jackets, Socks and other winter wear.


It is a rubbery fabric which is durable and does not absorb liquids.
Uses: Swimwear, Raincoats.



These are made from cellulose extracted from natural sources. Chemical treatment transforms it into fibres. They have all the qualities of silk but are extremely cheap. Hence, are also called as Artificial Silk.


It is made from cotton, wood pulp and acetic acid. And is a substitute for silk.
Uses All the places where silk is used.

We have seen different types of clothing materials and their uses. Higher quality materials can enhance the look and feel of any fabric. At UNITO, we pride ourselves in producing the best quality fabrics at cheaper prices. Visit to shop for affordable and finest clothing items.